New Delhi: The representation of Rajya Sabha members in the second Narendra Modi government has dropped from 19 to 11 as those who fought tough battles in the Lok Sabha polls have been rewarded handsomely. In the newly-formed Council of Ministers, out of 11 RS members, six are Cabinet Ministers, two are Ministers of State (Independent Charge) and three are Ministers of State. In the previous term of Modi, 19 ministers belonged to the Rajya Sabha. Out of these, 12 were Cabinet Ministers, two were Ministers of State (Independent Charge) and five Ministers of State. Also Read – Dussehra with a ‘green’ twist In the new Modi government, Rajya Sabha MPs Thawarchand Gehlot, Prakash Javadekar, Piyush Goyal, Nirmala Sitharaman, Dharmendra Pradhan, and Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi have been made Cabinet Ministers. Hardeep Singh Puri and Mansukh Mandaviya are Ministers of State (Independent Charge), while Ramdas Athawale, Parshottam Rupala and V. Muraleedharan have been selected as Ministers of State. In the previous Modi government, the 12 Rajya Sabha members in the Cabinet were Arun Jaitley, Suresh Prabhu, Ravi Shankar Prasad, J.P. Nadda, Chaudhary Birender Singh, Gehlot, Smriti Irani, Javadekar, Pradhan, Goyal, Sitharaman and Naqvi. Also Read – India receives its first Rafale fighter jet from France Out of these, Jaitley, Prabhu, Nadda and Birender Singh have been dropped, while Prasad and Irani are Ministers again but as Lok Sabha members. In the last Council of Ministers, the Ministers of State (Independent Charge) from the Rajya Sabha were K.J. Alphons and Puri. While Alphons has been dropped, Puri has maintained his place in the ministry despite the fact that they both contested the Lok Sabha elections from Kerala and Punjab, respectively, but lost. In the last Union Council of Ministers, Rajya Sabha members M. J. Akbar, Shiv Pratap Shukla, Athawale, Parshottam Rupala, and Vijay Goel were Ministers of State. However, only Athawale and Rupala retained their positions in the current Cabinet. In the current Union Council of Ministers, Javadekar has been given charge of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, as well as Information and Broadcasting, while Sitharaman is the Finance and Corporate Affairs Minister. Gehlot and Naqvi will continue to head the Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry and the Minority Affairs Ministry, respectively. Goyal continues his charge as the Minister of Railways with additional charge of the Commerce and Industry Ministry and Pradhan too is continuing as Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas, with additional charge of the Steel Ministry. Among the Ministers of State (Independent Charge), Puri will continue to head the Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry along with additional charge of the Civil Aviation Ministry. He will also be Minister of State for Commerce and Industry. Mandaviya will hold the Shipping Ministry as an independent charge, along with being Minister of State for Chemicals and Fertilisers. Among the Ministers of State, Athawale will continue with Social Justice and Empowerment while new addition Muraleedharan will be Minister of State for External Affairs and Parliamentary Affairs. Rupala will continue to be the Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. However, the number of RS members in the Council of Ministers may go up as External Affairs Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar and Food, Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution Minister Ram Vilas Paswan are not Lok Sabha MPs.
Lord Justice McCombe, sitting with Lady Justice King and Lady Justice Nicola Davies, said: “Clearly, Ms X proposes to do nothing which is unlawful on her part.”There is nothing in our statute which tells us that what she wants to do is in any way counter to the law or the morals of UK statutes.”Finding that the ban on commercial surrogacy was “expressly limited to acts done in the UK”, the judge said that “there seems to me to be an incoherence in depriving her of her claim at the outset when she personally proposes no wrongdoing, either under Californian law or under our own law”.Lord Justice McCombe added that it “cannot conceivably be said now that surrogacy as such is contrary to the public policy of our law”, and that it would be “overkill” for the court to prevent XX recovering the cost of surrogacy in California.Whittington Hospital NHS Trust argued at a hearing in November that awarding XX the costs of commercial surrogacy would be “enabling what amounts to a criminal offence”.Lord Faulks QC, for the Trust, said a 2001 Court of Appeal ruling, which held that the cost of commercial surrogacy in California was irrecoverable, was “binding”. But XX’s barrister Christopher Johnson QC argued that public policy had moved on.He added that his client had “suffered a litany of admitted failures at the defendant’s hands” which caused “progression from a benign wholly treatable pre-cancerous condition to a highly invasive cancer”.He concluded: “In Ms X’s traumatic and unusual circumstances expenditure on California surrogacies is reasonable.”Lord Justice McCombe agreed that public policy was not “ossified for all time”, finding that “the law no longer requires a bar to recovery of the damages claimed by Ms X on public policy grounds”.The court also reduced the amount of general damages awarded to XX by £10,000.XX’s solicitor Anne Kavanagh from Irwin Mitchell said: “This is a tragic case where, due to no fault of her own, my client has suffered grievous injuries including infertility at a young age.”It is now almost 10 years since her first smear test was wrongly reported by the Whittington Hospital, when she was 25 years old.”Her only hope of becoming a mother is by surrogacy using her own eggs which were harvested just before she started chemo-radiotherapy, as well as using donor eggs.”She is delighted that the Court of Appeal has granted her the costs of that treatment in California, where she will have the security of a legally enforceable agreement to protect her as well as the surrogate and baby in the event of any dispute, something which would not be available to her under English law.” Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. A young woman left infertile because her cervical cancer was not spotted for more than four years has been awarded the costs of having surrogate children in America by the Court of Appeal.Whittington Hospital NHS Trust admitted negligence in failing to detect signs of cancer, leading to the woman, known only as XX, developing highly invasive cancer requiring chemo-radiotherapy treatment, which left her infertile at the age of 29.The High Court awarded XX a total of £580,000 in damages last year, including the costs of fertility treatment, cryopreserving her eggs and having children by surrogacy in the UK.However, XX’s claim for the costs of four surrogacies in California, where commercial surrogacy is legal and binding, was dismissed as the court found that commercial surrogacy was still illegal in the UK and therefore contrary to public policy.–– ADVERTISEMENT ––But, giving judgment in London on Wednesday, senior judges allowed her appeal, meaning XX will now receive as much as an additional £560,000 to cover the cost of having children with commercial surrogates in the US.Her solicitors Irwin Mitchell say the ruling is the first time the costs of surrogacy in the USA have been awarded in a claim for clinical negligence.