Chewing on Evolutionary Stories

first_imgFish chew by sending their food on an assembly line to the back of the mouth.  Mammals chew by positioning food for the teeth.  Can evolution explain this difference?  Science Daily was sure of it.  “Evolution has made its marks — large and small — in innumerable patterns of life,” The article said.  “New research from Brown University shows chewing has evolved too.”  When one looks for the evidence that chewing has evolved, though, one only finds blank spaces filled in with the assumption that evolution must have done it. The article described chewing differences between fish and mammals in some detail, but when it came to the evolutionary explanation, these statements were offered without evidence.  See if they are convincing for a Darwin skeptic: The evolutionary divergence is believed to have occurred with amphibians… The difference in chewing shows that animals have changed the way they chew and digest their food and that evolution must have played a role. … lungfish, which is believed to represent an early stage in the transition of some species from exclusively water- to land-dwelling. Next came the task of figuring out where, when and with what species the divergence in chewing emerged. The thinking is that the transition likely occurred among amphibians. That makes sense, [Nicolai] Konow said, and he plans to look next at amphibian chewing. “They’re still locked to the water for reproduction,” he said.  “But you have some that become all terrestrial.  And that’s the next step on the evolutionary ladder.” Konow and his team did not offer any evidence for transitions between the chewing modes, other than to infer that “evolution must have played a role” in the change, and that “the transition likely occurred among amphibians.”  In passing, though, Konow admitted that “The distinction between fish and mammal chewing is likely there for a reason”.  He did not pause to consider whether reasons belong to teleonomic explanations, such as intelligent design, or whether reasoning is even derivable from evolutionary theory. How many times have evolutionists promised goods and handed us promissory notes?  More than we would like to chew on.  Don’t lend credibility to them any more till they pay up on past obligations – which will be never, because the collateral is held by IDBT, Inc. (intelligent design bank and trust).(Visited 14 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Scientism on Plagues, or Vice Versa

first_imgCan the 10 plagues in Exodus be explained by science? Only through the plague of scientism, which is plagued itself by its own miracles.For Passover season, Live Science Staff proves that their anti-supernatural bias is not directed solely at Christians. For Jews celebrating the escape from Egypt, they put out a piece called “The Science of the Ten Plagues,” purporting to show that the dramatic events of Exodus were merely well-known natural events.Could any of these plagues have occurred through natural phenomena? Live Science looks at possible scientific explanations behind each of the 10 plagues.Here are their ‘scientific’ explanations:Plague of Blood: just a common ‘red tide’ that happened in the Nile this time.Plague of Frogs: there have been reports of “raining frogs” at other times.Plague of Lice: might have been common bubonic plague.Plague of Flies: could have been any wild animal, including flies, bears, or scorpions.Plague of Livestock Death: could have been a virus called rinderpest.Plague of Boils: might have been smallpox.Plague of Hail and Lightning: was this the eruption of Santorini?Plague of Locusts: the ash from Santorini might have created conditions for this infestation.Plague of Darkness: could have been a solar eclipse (not usually 24 hours, though), or ash from the volcano.Death of the Firstborn: that red tide in the first plague infected the grain which the firstborn picked and ate. (Not clear why only the firstborn did this, or how firstborn babies could be out picking grain.)Poor old Pharoah was sure unlucky to have all these things happen around the same time. Isn’t it amazing that these plagues each happened after Moses told Pharoah they were coming? It must have been a miracle that they hit only Egypt and not Goshen. Strange, too, that each of them seemed aimed at showing the powerlessness of Egypt’s idols. Coincidences do happen.That’s what happens when you try to rationalize God’s sovereign actions. You end up believing in bigger miracles anyway. (Visited 104 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Moving Toward Passive House in New Zealand

first_imgFor mechanical engineer Jon Iliffe and homebuilder Baden Brown, who both live on New Zealand’s North Island, the urge to create a line of high-performance homes began percolating about a decade ago. They kept talking as the years went by, until Iliffe returned from an 18-month stay in Europe, where he did contract work for Rolls-Royce and had an opportunity to study Passivhaus design and see homes built to the standard.Iliffe and Brown, joined by their wives, have since channeled their enthusiasm for energy-efficient homes into the launch of a development company called eHaus that recently commenced construction on a 2,422-sq.-ft. prototype home in Wanganui, on the North Island’s west coast. Iliffe told GBA that the four-bedroom, two-bath house will not quite meet the Passivhaus performance standard, “but the build will be pretty close.” (Both men are training in Passivhaus design at Unitech Institute of Technology in nearby Auckland.)Creating a new marketThe exterior walls of the prototype feature ECO-Block insulating concrete forms along with double-glazed, argon-filled aluminum-frame windows from Open Building Solutions, a New Zealand company. The windows – which were pressure tested at 50 Pascals before they were installed – feature a thermal barrier, sandwiched between the outer and inner sections of the frame, that is designed to prevent both heat transfer and condensation. Much of the window coverage is, of course, on the north side of the house, where passive solar gain from the Southern Hemisphere sun can be maximized.The house will be equipped with a heat-recovery ventilator, a solar hot water system, and accommodations for a photovoltaic system. Weather conditions in this part of New Zealand tend to be relatively mild, with a mean temperature, on the Fahrenheit scale, of 54, a high of 90, and a low of 27. Annual rainfall averages about 34 inches. The eHaus prototype will include a water recycling system designed to meet all of the occupants’ water needs except drinking and cooking.Iliffe told the Wanganui Chronicle, a local newspaper, that he and his partners understand eHaus will be catering to what is, at the moment, a niche market, but that stringent energy efficiency standards such as Passivhaus suit their personal philosophy about energy conservation.“Making money isn’t the be-all and end-all for us,” he said. “Building low-energy houses really fits with who we are as well.”last_img read more

Rough start for Lady Bulldogs as main setter goes down with injury in first game

first_imgPH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Cagande collided with Roselyn Doria late in the third set and according to initial diagnosis, she suffered a sprained lateral collateral ligament in her left knee.NU head coach Norman Miguel allayed fears of a major injury for her young playmaker, but Cagande has already been ruled out of the Lady Bulldogs’ next game.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine ‍football chiefSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption charges“Our physical therapist told us that there’s no major injury but it’s better to have it checked through an MRI scan,” said Miguel in Filipino. “Definitely she can’t play next game so that’s the situation.”“Instead of dwelling on these challenges, we’ll just look for the positives.” SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte Gina Iniong dedicates upcoming ONE fight to ailing mother Grace Poe files bill to protect govt teachers from malicious accusations With Cagande, who was also nursing a shoulder injury prior to her fall, out, Miguel said he has no choice but to use Klymince Orillaneda as the team’s setter.Orillaneda is primarily a beach volleyball player and she was only included in the Lady Bulldogs’ lineup since the team only had 10 players.“I’m not really a setter so when I was put in the game I just asked my teammates where I would position myself and where they want the ball,” said Orillaneda.ADVERTISEMENT Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes US judge bars Trump’s health insurance rule for immigrants Oil plant explodes in Pampanga towncenter_img Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting LATEST STORIES Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes Injured rookie setter Joyme Cagande. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netMANILA, Philippines—National University is off to a rough start in the UAAP Season 81 women’s volleyball tournament.The Lady Bulldogs lost rookie setterJoyme Cagande to a knee injury in the Lady Bulldogs’ 22-25, 25-19, 25-19, 25-12, loss to University of the Philippines Saturday at Filoil Flying V Center.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town View commentslast_img read more

The Graduates – Oscar Sanft

first_imgIn the third edition of The Graduates, caught up with former Queensland Secondary Schools Touch (QSST) player, Oscar Sanft, who is playing for the Brisbane City Cobras at the 2010 X-Blades National Youth Championships. Australian 18’s Boys squad member Oscar Sanft is back in the Brisbane City Cobras team after playing for QSST in the past, and he is very excited to be back. He is now hoping to guide the Cobras to the finals in his last year of the championships.  “I think I’ve played for Queensland for the past five years so to be back in the Cobras is overwhelming, especially for my last year, it feels good,” Sanft said. “I’m confident that we’ll be up the top, we’ve got a lot of kids with real potential and it’s going to be a long week as well. I’m very confident that we will do well and hopefully get to the finals.”The Cobras team has a mixture of youth and experience and Sanft is hoping to pass on some of his knowledge to the younger members of the team.“We are trying to develop them to become Open’s players but the senior boys are doing well, looking after the young guys. But it’s not like there is a difference, we are a good team so you can’t really see the difference in the developing players and the senior players.”Sanft and his Cobras team had the chance to play his former side on Friday morning, and in the lead up to the game he said he was looking forward to the challenge. “I’ve been thinking about that game ever since I saw the draw. As much as I love Queensland, as soon as I step out of it I have to give them so much pressure and aggression. I’m looking forward to it,” Sanft said. As well as being his last National Youth Championships, it is also Sanft and his fellow Australian Youth Squad player’s last chance to impress in the lead up to the 2011 Youth Trans Tasman Series to be played in Canberra. Sanft was part of the 20’s Mixed team at the 2009 Youth Trans Tasman and is hoping to be included in the team again this time. “That’s always on your mind. I try to keep humble about it, not trying to think that just because I’ve been there before it’s going to happen again so I’ve just got to knuckle down.”last_img read more

10 months agoInter Milan chief Ausilio: Mourinho always has our esteem

first_imgTagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Inter Milan chief Ausilio: Mourinho always has our esteemby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveInter Milan chief Piero Ausilio says Jose Mourinho will always have a place of honour at the club.However, he insists coach Luciano Spalletti’s job is safe after Manchester United sacked Mourinho yesteday.Ausilio said: “We are connected to the results, the esteem for him is regardless of the future of Inter, which has a great coach… “Let’s move on with Spalletti, we are building the future with him.”Mourinho led Inter to an historic Treble in 2010. last_img

10 months agoJeison Murillo: I must convince Barcelona to buy me outright

first_imgTagsTransfersAbout the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say Jeison Murillo: I must convince Barcelona to buy me outrightby Carlos Volcano10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveBarcelona signing Jeison Murillo says his aim is to make his deal permanent.Murillo has joined Barca on-loan from Valencia.“My dream is to convince the club with my performances and keep defending this shirt. “I have to show that on the pitch,” said the Colombian centre-back at his presentation.“I am very happy with this opportunity. God opened the biggest door there is for me in football, it’s a dream come true. I am grateful too to the club and now I only have to work to make the coach decide (if I should play) in each game.“My dream is to keep wearing this shirt but I have to show it on the pitch.” last_img read more

18 days agoJuventus striker Paulo Dybala: We said lot of wrong things during transfer window

first_imgJuventus striker Paulo Dybala: We said lot of wrong things during transfer windowby Carlos Volcano18 days agoSend to a friendShare the lovePaulo Dybala is adamant he’s happy he’s stayed with Juventus.The striker started and scored for Juve in yesterday’s 2-1 win over Inter Milan.And Dybala stated at the final whistle: “A kind of revenge for me? During the summer, everyone knew what I wanted. I’m happy to be here. “We said a lot of wrong things during the transfer window, but I stayed here, that’s what I wanted.”And today I played one of my best games.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your saylast_img

J.T. Barrett Asked For Special Treatment During Arrest, Per TMZ

first_imgJ.T. Barrett walking off the field after losing the fiesta bowl.GLENDALE, AZ – DECEMBER 31: J.T. Barrett #16 of the Ohio State Buckeyes walks off the field after the Clemson Tigers beat the Ohio State Buckeyes 31-0 to win the 2016 PlayStation Fiesta Bowl at University of Phoenix Stadium on December 31, 2016 in Glendale, Arizona. (Photo by Matthew Stockman/Getty Images)Update: Here is video of the arrest, from TMZ.Earlier: TMZ has landed video of Ohio State quarterback J.T. Barrett’s citation for OVI, and according to the gossip site, it doesn’t reflect well on him. They have not released the video yet, but according to their first write-up, Barrett tells officers that he is the Buckeyes quarterback, and seems to ask for special treatment.JT Barrett Arrest Video — ‘I’M THE QB OF OHIO STATE’ … ‘There’s Nothing You Can Do?’— TMZ (@TMZ) November 12, 2015TMZ Sports obtained the dash cam footage from the October 31 incident — in which you can clearly see Barrett’s SUV pull out of a line for an upcoming DUI checkpoint … catching the attention of an officer who pulled him over. … That’s when Barrett plays the “don’t you know who I am?” card … saying, “I’m the quarterback of Ohio State … officer, there’s nothing you can do?” The officer responds, “My intention is to not take you to jail. That’s about the best I can do for you.” Once Barrett sits in the back seat of the cruiser, he begins to scream obscenities to himself … “F**K!!! F**K!!!”Perhaps this should be a surprise, but it is not a great look for Barrett, who is expected to start Saturday against Illinois after a one game suspension following his arrest. Barrett’s case was settled Tuesday, resulting in a suspension of his license and a $400 fine.last_img read more

Inuk leader finds reconciliation around the Muskrat Falls table

first_imgTrina Roache APTN InvestigatesAfter years of conflict over the Muskrat Falls hydro project in Labrador, an Inuk leader is finally at the table negotiating an agreement with the crown corporation in charge of it.Todd Russell, president of the NunatuKavut Community Council, said a deal is in the works with Nalcor Energy that will see future benefits for the Southern Inuit.“Protests will have to end sometime. And at the end of the day, most of these end with negotiations, or they end with agreements,” said Russell. “If we’re really going to have reconciliation, it is around the table.”The benefits agreement Russell is negotiating with Nalcor could provide employment, business opportunities, and partnerships in future renewable energy initiatives in Labrador.Russell couldn’t attach a dollar figure just yet but said more information would be coming soon.With the hydro project at Muskrat Falls  85 per cent complete, Russell said he had hoped consultation would have taken place before now.But he’s optimistic about the direction of talks now.“There’s either been no relationship or a very failed relationship,” said Russell. “And I just see this as an opportunity.”Russell said his community development agreement looks way beyond Muskrat Falls.“It’s important. I’m not diminishing the significance of it or what it symbolizes,” said Russell. “Yet not every relationship or not every act of reconciliation can be seen through that prism. There’s more to our lives than Muskrat Falls.”But Muskrat Falls will be making headlines for a long time to come.On Monday, the premier of Newfoundland and Labrador announced a public inquiry into the hydroelectric project.The inquiry will look at how the costs of the megaproject doubled to $12.7 billion over the last several years.The cost of electricity for people in the province could double by 2022.But for many Inuit in Labrador, the costs go beyond a dollar amount.The dam casts a huge shadow on people downstream.“Muskrat Falls threatens our very existence as Inuit,” said Amy Norman, in a media release about a 15-stop tour organized by environmental and social justice groups, like the Sierra Club of Canada.Norman, an Inuk woman from Labrador, will speak about Muskrat Falls at the National Day of Mourning in Plymouth, Massachusetts on Thanksgiving Day, an event organized by the United American Indians of New England.“It is poisoning our food webs, and contaminating the country foods we depend on, both physically and spiritually. It is forcing us to cut ties with the land,” said Norman. “To continue this project knowing the damage it will cause is cultural genocide.”Roberta Frampton Benefiel, a Labrador land protector and director of the Grand Riverkeeper Labrador Inc., is the main speaker on the tour called ‘MegaDams; MegaDamage.’She started in Halifax on Wednesday evening and is trekking through Vermont, Maine, Massachusetts, New York, and New England.“Noise needs to be made everywhere this power has a potential market,” Benefiel told the two dozen people who came out to hear her talk about Muskrat Falls.“Green and clean?” Benefiel shakes her head. “These megaprojects are devastating the north.”The more immediate goal of the tour is to build a network of activists ready to rally against the project.But Benefiel ultimately wants the project stopped.The Government of Newfoundland and Labrador has said that with costs of Muskrat Falls sitting at $12 billion, it’s too expensive to pull the plug now.“At the very least,” said Benefiel, “if we can get more education about these hydro projects and the impacts, that’s success.”Back in Labrador, Russell is focused on building a new relationship with Nalcor Energy.“One that is more meaningful and more significant,” said Russell. “And that can avoid some of the mistakes of the past, where we have been shut out, there’s been no consultation or inadequate consultation.”In an emailed statement to APTN, Nalcor Energy wrote, “Our ongoing dialogue with the leaders of NCC have been positive and productive. At this time, a formal agreement has not yet been finalized.“We look forward to continued dialogue with community and Indigenous leaders as we work together to build stronger relationships in Labrador.”In 2010, the province and Nalcor Energy signed an Impact Benefits Agreement with the Innu, who have a land claim in the area of the dam.But the two Inuit groups were left out.As concerns over Muskrat Falls mounted, Russell was a key figure in the ongoing actions against the project.He was arrested during a protest in 2013. He fought a previous injunction at Muskrat Falls in court and had it thrown out.At a community meeting livestreamed last year, he famously tore up the current injunction.At the peak of the rallies at Muskrat Falls in October 2016, Russell was part of the marathon meeting with the premier of Newfoundland and Labrador that ended in a deal to address environmental and cultural impacts of the dam downstream.“The agreement that was reached is maybe a small glimmer of hope that the attitudes of government is changing,” said Russell.“Am I disappointed that the some of the very specific undertakings that were part of the agreement have not been honored? Absolutely I am. But having said that I also believe that the spirit of intent of what we agreed to is still alive.”The deal promised that though initial flooding of the reservoir would occur before the winter of 2016, the water would be released come spring before the waters warmed up.The goal was to avoid creation of methylmercury.The toxin is naturally created when trees and topsoil are flooded.Concerns that methylmercury produced at Muskrat Falls will contaminate the traditional foods for Innu and Inuit downstream was at the heart of the ongoing protests.But news came this summer that the water levels could not be fully released. And the Independent Expert Advisory Committee to study and help mitigate the impacts of methylmercury is underway now but was late starting.“It’s happening with the project three quarters of the way done and so there are certain inherent limitations and challenges,” said Russell.Other critics of the Muskrat Falls project are less understanding.“Nalcor came out and said, guess what? We were wrong. We can’t lower the water. In fact, we’re actually going to raise it a little bit higher this winter and we’re never going to lower it again,” said Denise Cole, an Inuk land protector in Labrador.“So it put a lot of egg on the face of people – Indigenous governments, provincial and federal governments – that were supposed to all be having this wonderful relationship. That was the script every time we asked a question.”Cole wants the project paused until Indigenous concerns are addressed.“As long as there’s a colonial government that’s hell-bent on exploiting and destroying land, water, and lives in indigenous communities,” said Cole, “then we will always have to continue to fight for this.”For Cole, reconciliation and Muskrat Falls is like oil and water.“I keep saying you cannot have truth and reconciliation in a land of lies and oppression,” she said. “There has to be a deep consultation that happens with the Indigenous and downstream communities that are impacted by the Muskrat Falls project.“And then, only then, if they achieve the free, prior, and informed consent should this project be allowed to proceed.”The fight is far from over.Muskrat Falls is only the first phase of the Lower Churchill hydro project.A second, much larger dam, is planned at Gull Island, a traditional gathering place for the Innu.The environmental approvals are in place for Gull Island, but there’s no timeframe for when work might begin.Russell said it’s important to be at the table because it’s clear Nalcor Energy isn’t going anywhere.And neither are the Inuit.“Is it a risk bringing in the room? Of course, there is a risk being in the room cause people will accuse you of saying, well, my gracious. You were on the protest line one day and now you’re in talking to the enemy the next day,” said Russell. “I don’t see it in that way.“And reconciliation will happen through conversations,” said Russell. “Through negotiations, through agreements, through actions.”last_img read more